Degree (Hons), University of Witwatersrand; PhD candidate; courses on development issues, crime and policing, London School of Economics. 1993, worked with the Peace Secretariat on the East Rand; seconded to the Goldstone Institute in the pre-election period. Additional experience as Senior Research Officer, Centre for Policy Studies, Johannesburg; currently remains Research Associate. Currently Head, Crime and Policing, Institute for Defence Policy as well as Senior Researcher Analyst. Has written and published on a wide range of security and development issues. Recipient of numerous awards.