Degree in Commercial Engineering, University of Leuven (Belgium); postgraduate degree, Vlerick Management School. Brief period as a financial analyst, Scott Graphics International, Belgium. 1979, joined the Nestlé Group in Vevey, Switzerland, as a marketing trainee. Over the next 16 years, held various positions in marketing and sales, and as Division Head, Peru, Ecuador and Chile. Then moved to Portugal as Market Head, followed by the Czech and Slovak Republic, and finally Germany. July 2004, joined the Nestlé Executive Board as Executive Vice-President with responsibility for Zone Americas; played a decisive role in transforming this region into the Group's largest and most profitable zone. 2008, appointed Chief Executive Officer. At the end of 2016, handed over the office of CEO. April 2017, elected Chairman of the Board, Nestlé. Chairman of the Strategic Advisory Board: Nestlé Skin Health; Nestlé Health Science. Vice-Chairman, L’Oréal, France. Board Member: Roche Holding. Member of the Board of Trustees, Avenir Suisse. Member, European Roundtable of Industrialists, J.P. Morgan International Council. Co-Chairman, 2030 Water Resources Group. Interests: golf and flying.